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ACE Fitness ACE-Personal-Trainer American Council on Exercise (ACE) Personal Traniner (PT) Exam Practice Test

American Council on Exercise (ACE) Personal Traniner (PT) Questions and Answers

Question 1

Which characteristic is MOST important to consider when evaluating professional liability insurance programs?

Options:

A.

Type and amount of coverage offered

B.

Number of people covered

C.

Organization that offers the coverage

D.

Length of the coverage offered

Question 2

Based on the assessment shown in the video, which muscle or muscle group is MOST likely to De tight?

Options:

A.

lliopsoas

B.

Rectus femoris

C.

Gluteus maximus

D.

Tensor fasciae latae

Question 3

Which of the following changes are typical responses to aerobic training?

Options:

A.

Decreased stroke volume, decreased resting heart rate, and increased diastolic blood

B.

pressure Decreased stroke volume, resting heart rate, and diastolic blood pressure

C.

Increased stroke volume, decreased resting heart rate, and increased cardiac output

D.

Increased stroke volume, resting heart rate, and cardiac output

Question 4

Which would De the proper progression when working with an individual trying to improve static balance?

Options:

A.

Raising arms overhead, wide to narrow stance, leaning or rotating trunk, and closing eyes

B.

Raising arms overhead, wide to narrow stance, closing eyes, and leaning or rotating trunk

C.

Wide to narrow stance, raising arms overhead, closing eyes, and leaning or rotating trunk

D.

Wide to narrow stance, raising arms overhead, leaning or rotating trunk, and closing eyes

Question 5

Which would be the BEST resource for recommendations regarding daily intake of vitamins and minerals?

Options:

A.

USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans

B.

Food nutrition label

C.

DASH eating plan

D.

Recommended Daily Allowances

Question 6

The following nutritional information is given on the label of a food package:

Serving Size: 1

Amount per serving: 1

Calories: 390

Protein 25 g

Total carbohydrate: 50 g

Cholesterol: 25 mg

Sodium 390 mg

What percentage of the calories is derived from carbohydrates?

Options:

A.

15%

B.

38%

C.

51%

D.

62%

Question 7

An ACE certified Personal Trainer is educating a client on how to read a food label. On the label, there are 260 calories per serving, with three servings per package. There are 15 grams of carbohydrates and 10 grams of fat in each serving size. How many calories from fat are in the entire package?

Options:

A.

90

B.

120

C.

200

D.

270

Question 8

After overcoming range-of-motion barriers, an ACE certified Personal Trainer introduces a machine-based resistance-training program consisting of push and pull (flexion and extension) exercises into the program of an elderly client. These exercises are performed in which plane of motion?

Options:

A.

Transverse

B.

Frontal

C.

Sagittal

D.

Oblique

Question 9

An individual approaches an ACE certified Personal Trainer to inquire about personal training. The individual has not been regularly active in over a year but is ready to lose about 30 lb (13 6 kg) of extra weight. The Individual has made it to the gym only three times this month but is ready to become serious and wants to work with a trainer twice a week. What is this individual's current stage of change according to the transtheoretical model of behavioral change?

Options:

A.

Precontemplation

B.

Contemplation

C.

Preparation

D.

Action

Question 10

A client who has worked with an ACE certified Personal Trainer for four months has lost body fat and increased overall strength. The client now wants to focus on hypertrophy. What would be the MOST appropriate training volume based on the client's new goal?

Options:

A.

1-2 sets of 8-15 repetitions of each exercise

B.

2-6 sets of fewer than 6 repetitions of each exercise

C.

3-5 sets of 1-2 repetitions of each exercise

D.

3-6 sets of 6-12 repetitions of each exercise

Question 11

A novice 50-year-old client with hypertension reports a perceived exertion of 15 (Borg Scale 6-20) In order to keep the client moving toward the fitness goals, an ACE certified Personal Trainer should encourage the client to:

Options:

A.

Continue at the current exercise intensity.

B.

Discontinue exercise.

C.

Reduce the exercise Intensity.

D.

Increase the exercise intensity.

Question 12

Watch the attached video to answer the following question

What does the movement screen shown in the video determine about a client?

Options:

A.

Readiness to perform a one-repetition maximum for the squat and deadlift

B.

Mobility of the torso and bilateral stability of the feet, knees, and hips

C.

Muscular endurance of the quadriceps, gluteus maximus, hamstrings, and core

D.

Stability of the trunk and symmetrical stability and mobility of the lower extremity

Question 13

A 64-year-old client tells the ACE certified Personal Trainer that they have been diagnosed with osteoporosis by their physician. What is the BEST exercise to emphasize for the client?

Options:

A.

Emphasize leg strength with abduction adduction, leg extension, and leg curl.

B.

Recommend that they increase calcium intake per day and begin to strengthen their core and cardiovascular fitness.

C.

Add balance training to reduce fall risk, and incorporate short intervals of rowing and step aerobics.

D.

Emphasize resistance training and weight-bearing aerobic activity such as treadmill walking and stair climbing.

Question 14

While evaluating a client's health-history questionnaire, an ACE certified Personal Trainer learns that the client had Knee surgery six month| ago. The client engaged in two weeks of physical therapy immediately after the procedure but has maintained a sedentary lifestyle since that time. The client reports that the knee now feels weak and unstable. Which of the following is MOST likely to have happened to the muscle tissue around the knee?

Options:

A.

Arthritis

B.

Atrophy

C.

Bursitis

D.

Hypertrophy

Question 15

What is the MOST potentially damaging effect of exercising in a humid area known to have high levels of airborne pollutants?

Options:

A.

Generalized vasoconstriction

B.

Impaired evaporation

C.

Irritation of airways

D.

Peripheral vasodilation

Question 16

Which client would be classified in the moderate-risk category by an American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) risk stratification assessment?

Options:

A.

30-year-old female who is active and has an HDL cholesterol level of 60 mg/dL

B.

30-year-old male who is active and occasionally smokes

C.

46-year-old male who is moderately active and has arthritic knees

D.

56-year-old female who is sedentary and obese

Question 17

An ACE certified Personal Trainer is moving and intends to refer clients to a new trainer. The professional responsibility is to:

Options:

A.

Gather all the records on the clients to give to the new trainer.

B.

Obtain signed documentation to release the clients' records to the new trainer.

C.

Have the new trainer retest and evaluate the clients.

D.

Leave the records with the club manager.

Question 18

A client wishes to improve their fitness in preparation for the upcoming soccer season During the past season, the client developed a mild case of patellofemoral syndrome that was corrected through physical therapy. To help the client prepare for the upcoming season and to decrease their risk of patellofemoral issues, which of the following would be MOST important to include in a training program?

Options:

A.

Eccentric exercises for the hamstrings to improve deceleration

B.

Eccentric exercises for the quadriceps to improve deceleration

C.

Concentric exercises for the hamstrings to improve acceleration

D.

Concentric exercises for the quadriceps to improve acceleration

Question 19

What would be an appropriate posting on an ACE certified Personal Trainer's professional social media homepage?

Options:

A.

"Check out this new research article about five-finger shoes."

B.

''Try out this great diet supplement to lose a quick five pounds."

C.

"Congrats to my client Mary who finally lost those last 10 pounds!"

D.

"Job hunting ready to move on Please contact me with any opportunities."

Question 20

Which recommendation regarding myofascial release should an ACE certified Personal Trainer make to a client?

Options:

A.

Combine it with other stretching methods.

B.

Do it with a heating pad if muscles are sore.

C.

Have a physical therapist perform it due to risk of injury.

D.

Self-admtnister it frequently.

Question 21

Which movement screen would provide the MOST information about a new client who is an avid golfer and is considering the movements associated with the sport?

Options:

A.

Bend and lift

B.

Hurdle step

C.

Shoulder push stabilization

D.

Thoracic spine mobility

Question 22

A new client has indicated a desire to lose 15 lbs. (6.8 kg) within the next six months. The client has brainstormed some strategies to achieve this goal. Which of the following strategies aligns BEST with the findings of the National Weight Control Registry?

Options:

A.

Substitute a normal breakfast with a low-calorie meal replacement beverage.

B.

Weigh twice per day, once in the morning and once in the evening, to monitor progress toward the weight loss goal.

C.

Closely monitor and record dietary intake, including attention to appropriate portion sizes.

D.

Follow a low-carbohydrate diet to significantly reduce carbohydrate intake and increase protein consumption.

Question 23

When assessing your client's hip flexion using a passive supine straight leg raise, you discover there is less than 80' of motion on both right and left sides. This MOST likely indicates tightness in which muscles?

Options:

A.

Iliopsoas

B.

Hamstrings

C.

Adductor magnus and brevis

D.

Gluteus medius and minimus

Question 24

An individual with an anterior pelvic tilt would MOST likely be tight in which muscle group?

Options:

A.

Hamstrings

B.

Gluteus maximus

C.

Rectus abdominis

D.

Hip flexors

Question 25

While a client is performing the bodyweight squat test with arms at the sides, the personal trainer notices that the client falters a bit and then recovers. What would be an appropriate action for the personal trainer to take to deal with this issue?

Options:

A.

Terminate the test due to the client's balance problems.

B.

Tell the client not to squat so low.

C.

Allow the client to extend arms out to the front to Improve balance.

D.

Allow the client to lightly hold onto something.

Question 26

Maria is experiencing pain around her knee when she runs for more than 20 minutes. This began three weeks ago, so she decides to ask you for advice. What should you do?

Options:

A.

Listen to her problem, document her symptoms, and refer her to a physician.

B.

Give a few suggestions to try before she consults a physician.

C.

Advise the client to consult with a personal trainer who is more experienced with runners.

D.

Suggest Maria perform high-repetition, low-weight leg extension exercises to strengthen her quads.

Question 27

At the end of a 35-year-old client's warm-up on the indoor track, the client trips and falls. Embarrassed, the client gets up abruptly, shakes their ankle a few times, and reports being okay. The client is limping but wants to continue the workout. What should the personal trainer do NEXT?

Options:

A.

Ensure the safety of the client by stopping the workout and providing first aid as needed. Complete an incident report noting any facts related to the incident.

B.

Ask again if the client is okay, but know that the assumption of risk form will provide protection if the client is injured.

C.

Ensure the safety of the client by changing the workout to non-weight bearing activity. Tell the client that, in the event of pain or swelling later, they probably sprained the ankle and should take anti-inflammatory medication and apply ice.

D.

Ask again if the client is okay, but recognize that the personal trainer can be held liable if the client does not get a physician's clearance for the next appointment.

Question 28

Which of the following is a contraindication for the McGill's torso muscular endurance test battery (trunk flexor endurance, trunk lateral endurance, and trunk extensor endurance)?

Options:

A.

High body mass index

B.

Low-back pain

C.

Weak abdominal muscles

D.

Cervical neck pain

Question 29

A healthy 40-year-old male client would like you to be his personal trainer. You express that you require specific personal data to ensure that he can safely pursue fitness activity. Which of the following would be recommended as a MINIMAL prerequisite?

Options:

A.

A medical clearance prior to training

B.

A detailed medical history form

C.

A PAR-Q

D.

A lifestyle questionnaire

Question 30

A 24-year-old client wants to improve his fitness. The client answers yes to the question "Is your doctor currently prescribing drugs for blood pressure or a heart condition?" on the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. How should the personal trainer respond?

Options:

A.

Perform a complete fitness assessment to make sure the client is able to start an exercise program.

B.

Have the client obtain a physician's release before becoming more physically active

C.

Start the client on a moderate walking program for two to four weeks.

D.

Have the client sign a liability waiver against any claim of injury.

Question 31

You have been working with an elderly client who has poor balance. Over the past month, he has progressed to standing and maintaining balance on one leg with support. What would be the NEXT step to further improve his balance?

Options:

A.

Have him stand and walk with a narrower base of support.

B.

Have him stand on one leg on an unstable surface and perform dynamic movement.

C.

Include single leg stance without external support to his program.

D.

Have him stand in a narrow base of support with his eyes closed.

Question 32

A potential client has the following vital statistics:

•Sex: Male

•Age; 42

•Weight: 220 lbs (99.8 kgs)

•Height: 5'10" (1.78 meters)

•Activity status: sedentary

•Resting BP: 130/85 mm Hg

•Resting HR: 85

•No family history of heart disease

•Nonsmoker

According to the ACSM guidelines, what should a personal trainer do?

Options:

A.

Refer him to a registered dietitian.

B.

Refer him to a doctor for medical clearance.

C.

Refer him to a mental health practitioner.

D.

Recommend he begin a moderate intensity exercise program.

Question 33

What does the letter "c" refer to in the RICE method of treating injuries?

Options:

A.

Cleaning of the injured area

B.

Compression of the injured area

C.

Cold pack applied to the injured area

D.

Calling emergency medical services

Question 34

When is the MOST appropriate time to collect data about personal, behavioral, and environmental factors?

Options:

A.

During the rapport building phase

B.

During the behavioral change skills phase

C.

During the information gathering phase

D.

During the goal-setting phase

Question 35

Which law of motion is BEST related to the ground reaction forces that the body absorbs in activities such as jumping rope, plyometrics, and jogging?

Options:

A.

Law of gravity

B.

Law of inertia

C.

Law of reaction

D.

Law of retraction

Question 36

Your client has successfully followed her workout program for six months, losing 15 pounds (7 kg) and maintaining her lean body mass. Over the last month she has become a bit bored with the program, and improvements have tapered off significantly. She still wants to lose an additional 2% body fat. She has been performing aerobic exercise sessions for 35 minutes, two times per week and strength training two times per week, doing two sets of 15-20 repetitions. What is the BEST approach to help her reach her goal?

Options:

A.

Maintain her current program, explaining that she is making progress and needs to allow more time for noticeable results.

B.

Recommend reducing caloric intake to 1.200 calories and increasing the volume of her strength training workouts.

C.

Increase aerobic activity to four times per week and strength training to three times per week. D. Increase aerobic activity to three times per week and increase resistance while decreasing the number of repetitions in her strength-training program.

Question 37

The following nutritional information is given on a food label:

Serving Size: 1

Amount per serving: 1

Calories: 390

Protein: 25 g

Total carbohydrate: 50 g

Cholesterol: 25 mg

Sodium: 390 mg

How many grams are derived from fat?

Options:

A.

5

B.

10

C.

15

D.

25

Question 38

You are working with a high school track and field athlete training for the long jump event. He is very compliant with his resistance training and speed work each week but routinely skips working on flexibility. Which of the following would BEST reinforce the need for increased flexibility?

Options:

A.

Explaining the length-tension relationship of skeletal muscle as it relates to contractile force and performance

B.

Describing how increasing muscle fiber size will increase muscle contractile force and performance

C.

Stressing the importance of flexibility work as a component of a comprehensive fitness program

D.

Informing him that he will need to comply with all aspects of his program if he wants to achieve his goals

Question 39

Which of the following Is a negative aspect of plyometric exercises?

Options:

A.

Non-applicability to athletic performance

B.

Reduced venous return to exercising muscles

C.

Immediate and sustained muscle soreness

D.

Increased stress on joints and tendons

Question 40

The MAJOR concern with isometric strength assessments is that the client may do which of the following?

Options:

A.

Hold his or her breath.

B.

Strain muscle tendons.

C.

Give too little muscle effort.

D.

Experience a high blood pressure response.

Question 41

Your client has been diagnosed with high blood pressure and is taking a calcium channel blocker. An appropriate modification to her training program is to:

Options:

A.

Avoid resistance training for the next three months.

B.

Monitor aerobic exercise intensity by utilizing the Karvonen formula.

C.

Incorporate the use of a heart rate monitor.

D.

Increase the duration of the warm-up and cool-down.