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iSQI CTFL_Syll2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (Syllabus 2018) Exam Practice Test

Demo: 47 questions
Total 314 questions

ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (Syllabus 2018) Questions and Answers

Question 1

Which of the following errors CANNOT be found with structure-based testing techniques?

Options:

A.

Memory is leaking

B.

Features are only partially implemented

C.

Data structures that are used before initialization

D.

Division by zero

Question 2

Which of the following is NOT a factor on which test estimation is dependent upon?

Options:

A.

Defect debugging and resolution

B.

The outcome of testing of previous test cycle

C.

Characteristics of the development process

D.

Characteristics of the product

Question 3

The following sentences refer to the Standard for Software Test Documentation' specification (IEEE 829). Which sentence is correct?

Options:

A.

The key to high quality test documentation regimes is strict adherence to this standard

B.

Any deviation from this standard should be approved by management, marketing & development

C.

This test plan outline is relevant for military projects For consumer market projects there is a different specification with fewer items

D.

Most test documentation regimes follow this spec to some degree, with changes done to fit a specific situation or organization

Question 4

Which of the following is NOT an example of a common test metric?

Options:

A.

Percentage of work done in test environment creation

B.

Average number of expected defects per requirement

C.

Number of test cases run

D.

Deviation from test milestone dates

Question 5

Which of the following is NOT an objective of testing?

Options:

A.

Finding defects

B.

Providing information for decision-making

C.

Analyzing and removing the cause of failures

D.

Gaining confidence about the level of quality of the software

Question 6

Which of the following is NOT an example of a typical risk-based testing activity?

Options:

A.

The evaluation of a risk-management tools to decide which tool to use for future projects

B.

The focus of testing is shifted to an area in the system where tests find with more defects than expected

C.

Brainstorming sessions are held with a wide variety of stakeholders to identify possible failures in the system

D.

Tests are prioritized to ensure that those associated with critical parts of the system are executed earlier

Question 7

Which of the following statements is correct?

Options:

A.

Pair programming is done with developer and tester pairing together

B.

Pair programming is an alternative term for code inspection.

C.

Pair programming is used usually in waterfall model

D.

Pair programming is, among other things, an informal review method.

Question 8

The following incident report that was generated during test of a web application

What would you suggest as the most important report improvement?

Defect detected date: 15.8.2010

Defect detected by. Joe Smith

Test level System test

Test case Area 5/TC 98

Build version: 2011-16.2

Defect description After having filled out all required fields in screen 1,1 click ENTER to continue to screen 2. Nothing happens, no system response at all.

Options:

A.

Add an impact analysis

B.

Add information about which developer should fix the bug

C.

Add the time stamp when the incident happened

D.

Add information about which web browser was used

Question 9

Where and by whom is Beta testing normally performed?

Options:

A.

By customers or potential customers at their own locations

B.

By an independent test team at the developing organization's location

C.

At the developing organization's site, but not by the developing team

D.

By customers or potential customers at the developing organization's site

Question 10

What does the term Pesticide paradox' refer to?

Options:

A.

The phenomena where a piece of code that has a lot of bugs is likely to have more hidden, yet unfound

B.

The decreasing efficiency of debugging when done in code that has many bugs

C.

Reduced effectiveness of test cases that are repeated and focused on the same scenarios

D.

The redundancy of testing the same objects in both black and white box techniques

Question 11

Which ONE of the following statements does NOT describe how testing contributes to higher quality?

Options:

A.

Performing a review of the requirement specifications before implementing the system can enhance quality

B.

The testing of software demonstrates the absence of defects

C.

Properly designed tests that pass reduce the level of risk in a system

D.

Software testing identifies defects, which can be used to improve development activities.

Question 12

Given the following requirement:

Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

Options:

A.

7 and 13 are boundary values for the equivalence partition including age 10.

B.

Thursday is a valid input boundary value

C.

A minimum of 6 valid test cases are derived from boundary value analysis based on input age

D.

$3.01 is a valid output boundary value

Question 13

Once a bug is fixed, it should be retested. What is the term used to define this type of testing?

Options:

A.

Reliability Testing

B.

Confirmation Testing

C.

Maintainability Testing

D.

Regression Testing

Question 14

What is the difference between system integration testing and acceptance testing?

Options:

A.

System integration testing is testing non-functional requirements Acceptance testing concentrates on the functionality of the system

B.

System integration testing is executed by the developers. Acceptance testing is done by the customer

C.

System integration testing verifies that a system interfaces correctly with other systems. Acceptance testing verifies compliance to requirements

D.

System integration testing verifies compliance to requirements Acceptance testing verifies correct interaction with other systems existing in the user's environment

Question 15

A Software was re-deployed because the backend database was changed from one vendor to another The Test Manager decided to perform some functional tests on the redeployed system. This is an example of test of which test type?

Options:

A.

Regression tests

B.

Non-functional tests

C.

Structural tests

D.

Unit tests

Question 16

Which of the following is correct?

Options:

A.

Intrusive test tools are tools that do not exhibit the probe-effect

B.

Testing tools can be used by both developers and testers

C.

Use of testing tools is effective only when done as part of a test automation system

D.

Testing tools allow developers do testing Use of such tools changes the role of the test team

Question 17

A company purchased a new system which deals with all financial transactions in the company Which test types call for involvement of an expert from the financial department?

Options:

A.

Component testing

B.

Acceptance tests

C.

Maintenance testing

D.

System tests

Question 18

Which of the following type of defect would NOT be typically found by using a static analysis tool?

Options:

A.

A variable is defined but is then not used

B.

A variable is used in a calculation before it is defined

C.

A variable has the wrong numeric value passed into it

D.

A variable is used but not declared

Question 19

Debugging and Testing are key activities in the software development lifecycle.

Which of the following are 'Debugging' activities?

a) Identifying, a failure

b) Locating the cause of failure

c) Fixing the defect

d) Checking the fix has resolved the failure

Options:

A.

a & d

B.

a & b

C.

b & c

D.

c & d

Question 20

Which of the following statements is true?

I) Test planning activities include selecting the test object

II) Test strategy implementation is NOT a part of test planning

III) Choosing appropriate test techniques is part of test design

IV) Test schedule and exit criteria modification are part of test planning

Options:

A.

I, II

B.

II, III

C.

I.IV

D.

III. IV

Question 21

Consider a document containing a classification of all the defects found during the system test phase and after the delivery in the production environment This document can be considered a test basis for which of the following test design techniques?

Options:

A.

Structure-based testing

B.

Experience-based testing

C.

Decision coverage testing

D.

Specification-based testing

Question 22

Which of the following would be LEAST appropriate as part of an incident report covering the observation of a failure during testing?

Options:

A.

The expected result for the list friends response time was less than 10 seconds, whereas the average response time obtained was 13 seconds.

B.

The user interface was complicated and confusing and I found it quite difficult to follow the test script.

C.

The updates made as part of the add new member' function did not reflect the expected change as the name was written into the address field.

D.

SQL injection into the username entry field allowed a variety of SQL commands to be executed by the application without the appropriate authority

Question 23

Your company is developing a system with complex business rules and many branches in the structure of its code components. You need to choose one black box technique and one white box technique for test case design.

Which one of the following offers the BEST choice?

Options:

A.

Statement testing and exploratory testing

B.

Decision testing and equivalence partitioning

C.

Decision testing and decision table testing

D.

Boundary value analysis and decision table testing

Question 24

What is a "test harness"?

Options:

A.

One of the topics that needs to be covered in the final Test Report.

B.

A general name for test data that is used by the test cases.

C.

A detailed description of a test case to enable its execution by non-expert tester.

D.

A test environment comprised of stubs and drivers needed to execute a test.

Question 25

The decision table above reflects a golf club's pricing structure for green fees and buggy/cart hire.

What is the expected result (actions) for each of the following two test cases (TC1 and TC2)?

* TC 1 - Paul is not a full member, is a Loyalty Card holder and requests to play 18 holes with a buggy/cart

* TC 2 - Cheryl is not at full member, doesn't have a Loyalty Card and requests to play 9 holes with a buggy/cart

Options:

A.

TC1 - £23 total charges including buggy hire; TC2 - £21 total charge including buggy hire

B.

TC1 - £18 total charges including buggy hire; TC2 - £16 total charge but no buggy allowed

C.

TC1 - £23 total charges including buggy hire; TC2 - £16 total charge but no buggy allowed

D.

TC1 - £17 total charges but no buggy allowed; TC2 - £21 total charge including buggy hire

Question 26

After a record of poor quality software releases (incorrect menu selection options, new features that do not work, users allowed to change security levels without administrator rights), you have been asked to review the test capability in your company.

You have limited time to do the review before the next project, which type of testing would be MOST appropriate to review first?

Options:

A.

Functional testing.

B.

Non-functional testing.

C.

Performance testing.

D.

Structural testing.

Question 27

Consider the following excerpt from a test report 'We tested the module AX45T and we got only 1 failure. To recreate the failure, we used test file PR624_DR78_TCB0022 pkr, available under the PR624_DR78 repository in the CK01 server".

Which incident report objective does this excerpt satisfy?

Options:

A.

Provides developers with information to isolate the failure.

B.

Does not belong to an incident report

C.

Provides Project Managers with information on the project risks.

D.

Provides test managers with information to report test progress.

Question 28

Which one of the following statements about techniques for estimating test effort is correct?

Options:

A.

The metrics-based technique finds the most similar former project and uses its original estimate for the current project.

B.

The expert-based approach is based on the experience of the owners of the testing tasks or by subject matter experts.

C.

The metrics-based technique uses metrics supplied by the current test team based on their subjective feel for effort required.

D.

In an expert-based approach, the test lead with the most years in the role is chosen to produce the estimate.

Question 29

You are testing an e-commerce system The system accepts four different types of Credit Cards; each card has its own rules for valid and invalid numbers. The following is a portion of the Decision Table for Order Management.:

The combination of the conditions Valid Card Number (NO) + Purchase Approved (YES) is not feasible.

You wish to perform a test which completely covers all the combinations of equivalence partitioning tor the different types of credit card, according to the rules shown in the above Decision Table

How many test cases do you need?

Options:

A.

8

B.

4

C.

16

D.

12

Question 30

Which of the following correctly describes the goal of Statement Testing?

Options:

A.

Reduce the number of tests needed to test the system

B.

Assess of the correctness of key statements in each module of the application

C.

Increase the percentage of executable statements that are exercised by a test set

D.

Assess the number of code statements needed to implement each feature

Question 31

Which of the following is a valid collection of equivalence classes for the following problem: "An Integer numeric field shall contain values from 1 to 80 both values inclusive"

Options:

A.

Less than 0. 1 to 79, 80 and more than 80

B.

Less than 0. 1 to 80, more than 80

C.

Less than 1. 1 to 80, more than 80

D.

Less than 1. 1 to 79, more than 80

Question 32

Which test design technique can be used for effectively testing system requirements consisting of logical conditions?

Options:

A.

Boundary value analysis

B.

Use case testing

C.

Equivalence partitioning

D.

Decision table testing

Question 33

What is decision table testing?

Options:

A.

It’s a testing design technique based in the internal software structure.

B.

It’s a static test design technique.

C.

It’s a testing design technique to verify decisions.

D.

It’s a testing design technique based in the system requirements.

Question 34

Which of the following factors will MOST affect the testing effort required to test a software product? [K1]

Options:

A.

The number of staff available to execute tests

B.

The level of detail in the test plan

C.

The requirements for reliability and security in the product

D.

The test estimation method used

Question 35

Which of the following test design techniques is classified as a structure-based (white box) technique? [K1]

Options:

A.

Exploratory testing

B.

Decision table testing

C.

State transition testing

D.

Statement testing

Question 36

Dynamic Analysis Tools are used to:

Options:

A.

Determine differences between files or databases.

B.

Monitor and report on how a system behaves under a variety of conditions.

C.

Find defects, such as memory leaks, while software is executing.

D.

Measure the percentage of specific types of code structure that have been exercised.

Question 37

Which of the following risks represents the highest level of risk to the project?

Options:

A.

Likelihood of failure = 1%, potential cost of impact = $1m.

B.

Likelihood of failure = 10%, potential cost of impact = $500,000.

C.

Likelihood of failure = 20%, potential cost of impact = $150,000.

D.

Likelihood of failure = 5%, potential cost of impact = $500,000.

Question 38

Which of the following is a consideration when deploying test execution tools? [K1]

Options:

A.

Data-driven testing cannot be used with test execution tools

B.

Recorded manual tests may become unstable in use

C.

Keyword-driven testing cannot be used with test execution tools

D.

Expected results for tests are not required because the tool generates expected results

Question 39

What is static analysis?

Options:

A.

The decision between using white or black box test techniques.

B.

Executing software to validate the most common path through the code.

C.

A technique to find defects in software source code and software models, performed without executing code.

D.

It is a testing technique used during system testing.

Question 40

Test objectives for systems testing of a safety critical system include completion of all outstanding defect correction. Regression testing is required following defect correction at all test levels. Which TWO of the following metrics would be MOST suitable for determining whether the test objective has been met? [K2]

a. Regression tests run and passed in systems testing

b. Incidents closed in systems testing

c. Planned tests run and passed in system testing

d. Planned tests run and passed at all levels of testing

e. Incidents raised and closed at all levels of testing

Options:

A.

a and e

B.

b and c

C.

d and e

D.

a and b

Question 41

Which of the following would typically be identified using static analysis by tools? [K1]

Options:

A.

Spelling mistake on an error message

B.

A potential infinite loop

C.

Memory leakage

D.

A variable set to the wrong value

Question 42

Which of the following test design techniques is not a black box technique?

Options:

A.

Equivalence partitioning

B.

State transition testing

C.

Boundary value analysis

D.

Statement coverage

Question 43

It is recommended to perform exhaustive tests for covering all combinations of inputs and preconditions.

Options:

A.

Yes, it’s strongly recommended.

B.

No, risk analysis and priorities should be used to focus testing efforts

C.

Yes, and it’s also necessary to include all the exit combinations

D.

Only the expert testers can make exhaustive tests.

Question 44

What can testing demonstrate?

Options:

A.

Testing can demonstrate that there are no defects

B.

Testing can demonstrate that there are defects

C.

Testing can demonstrate that the software is correct

D.

Testing can demonstrate that there are no hidden defects in the software

Question 45

Which of the following test organizations has the highest level of independence?

Options:

A.

Independent testers within the development teams

B.

Independent testers from the user community

C.

Independent test specialists for specific test types, such as usability, performance or certification test specialists

D.

Code tested by another developer from the development team

Question 46

Which of the following is a valid objective of testing? [K1]

Options:

A.

Correcting defects

B.

Locating defects in the code

C.

Preventing defects

D.

Ensuring no defects are present

Question 47

Which type of review has the following main purposes:

discussing, making decisions, evaluating alternatives, finding defects, solving technical problems and checking conformance to specifications, plans, regulations, and standards?

Options:

A.

Technical Review

B.

Inspection

C.

Walkthrough

D.

Informal review

Demo: 47 questions
Total 314 questions